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Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For quarterly period ended: June 30, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                          to
Commission File Number: 1-4221
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HELMERICH & PAYNE, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware73-0679879
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

1437 South Boulder Avenue, Suite 1400, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 74119
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(918) 742-5531
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year,
if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock ($0.10 par value)HPNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes ☐ No ☒
CLASSOUTSTANDING AT July 20, 2022
Common Stock, $0.10 par value105,290,017



Table of Contents
HELMERICH & PAYNE, INC.
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INDEX TO FORM 10‑Q
Page

2

Table of Contents
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
HELMERICH & PAYNE, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
June 30,September 30,
(in thousands except share data and share amounts)20222021
ASSETS
Current Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$188,663 $917,534 
Short-term investments144,331 198,700 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $3,032 and $2,068, respectively
397,880 228,894 
Inventories of materials and supplies, net86,091 84,057 
Prepaid expenses and other, net103,589 85,928 
Assets held-for-sale25,604 71,453 
Total current assets946,158 1,586,566 
Investments213,956 135,444 
Property, plant and equipment, net2,987,107 3,127,287 
Other Noncurrent Assets:
Goodwill45,653 45,653 
Intangible assets, net68,950 73,838 
Operating lease right-of-use assets40,539 49,187 
Other assets, net20,247 16,153 
Total other noncurrent assets175,389 184,831 
Total assets$4,322,610 $5,034,128 
LIABILITIES & SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current Liabilities:
Accounts payable$119,972 $71,996 
Dividends payable26,693 27,332 
Current portion of long-term debt, net— 483,486 
Accrued liabilities254,611 283,492 
Total current liabilities401,276 866,306 
Noncurrent Liabilities:
Long-term debt, net542,290 541,997 
Deferred income taxes527,545 563,437 
Other116,770 147,757 
Noncurrent liabilities - discontinued operations2,061 2,013 
Total noncurrent liabilities1,188,666 1,255,204 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)
Shareholders' Equity:
Common stock, $.10 par value, 160,000,000 shares authorized, 112,222,865 shares issued as of both June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, and 105,290,017 and 107,898,859 shares outstanding as of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, respectively
11,222 11,222 
Preferred stock, no par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued
— — 
Additional paid-in capital521,439 529,903 
Retained earnings2,454,726 2,573,375 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(19,067)(20,244)
Treasury stock, at cost, 6,932,848 shares and 4,324,006 shares as of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, respectively
(235,652)(181,638)
Total shareholders’ equity2,732,668 2,912,618 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity$4,322,610 $5,034,128 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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HELMERICH & PAYNE, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Nine Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands, except per share amounts)2022202120222021
OPERATING REVENUES
Drilling services$547,906 $329,774 $1,420,810 $868,581 
Other2,327 2,439 6,802 6,180 
550,233 332,213 1,427,612 874,761 
OPERATING COSTS AND EXPENSES
Drilling services operating expenses, excluding depreciation and amortization376,210 255,471 1,015,621 684,473 
Other operating expenses1,053 1,481 3,416 4,117 
Depreciation and amortization100,741 104,493 304,115 317,771 
Research and development6,511 5,610 19,425 16,527 
Selling, general and administrative44,933 41,719 135,699 120,371 
Asset impairment charge— 2,130 4,363 56,414 
Restructuring charges33 2,110 838 3,856 
Gain on reimbursement of drilling equipment(9,895)(4,268)(21,597)(10,207)
Other (gain) loss on sale of assets(3,075)834 (2,762)12,952 
516,511 409,580 1,459,118 1,206,274 
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS33,722 (77,367)(31,506)(331,513)
Other income (expense)
Interest and dividend income5,313 1,527 11,301 8,225 
Interest expense(4,372)(5,963)(14,876)(17,861)
Gain (loss) on investment securities(14,310)2,409 55,684 7,853 
Loss on extinguishment of debt— — (60,083)— 
Other(1,148)(970)(2,166)(3,027)
(14,517)(2,997)(10,140)(4,810)
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes 19,205 (80,364)(41,646)(336,323)
Income tax expense (benefit)1,730 (23,659)(3,166)(78,398)
Income (loss) from continuing operations17,475 (56,705)(38,480)(257,925)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations before income taxes277 1,150 (106)10,936 
Income tax provision— — — — 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations277 1,150 (106)10,936 
NET INCOME (LOSS)$17,752 $(55,555)$(38,586)$(246,989)
Basic earnings (loss) per common share:
Income (loss) from continuing operations$0.16 $(0.53)$(0.37)$(2.40)
Income from discontinued operations— 0.01 — 0.10 
Net income (loss)$0.16 $(0.52)$(0.37)$(2.30)
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share:
Income (loss) from continuing operations$0.16 $(0.53)$(0.37)$(2.40)
Income from discontinued operations— 0.01 — 0.10 
Net income (loss)$0.16 $(0.52)$(0.37)$(2.30)
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic105,289 107,896 106,092 107,790 
Diluted106,021 107,896 106,092 107,790 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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HELMERICH & PAYNE, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Nine Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands)2022202120222021
Net income (loss)$17,752 $(55,555)$(38,586)$(246,989)
Other comprehensive income, net of income taxes:
Net change related to employee benefit plans, net of income taxes of $(41.7) thousand and $(0.3) million for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, and $(0.2) million and $(0.5) million for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2021.
389 460 1,177 1,374 
Other comprehensive income389 460 1,177 1,374 
Comprehensive income (loss)$18,141 $(55,095)$(37,409)$(245,615)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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HELMERICH & PAYNE, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
Three and Nine Months Ended June 30, 2022
(in thousands, except per share amounts)Common StockAdditional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Treasury Stock
SharesAmountSharesAmountTotal
Balance, September 30, 2021112,222 $11,222 $529,903 $2,573,375 $(20,244)4,324 $(181,638)$2,912,618 
Comprehensive loss:
Net loss— — — (51,362)— — — (51,362)
Other comprehensive income— — — — 394 — — 394 
Dividends declared ($0.25 per share)
— — — (26,807)— — — (26,807)
Vesting of restricted stock awards, net of shares withheld for employee taxes— — (21,152)— — (381)17,040 (4,112)
Stock-based compensation— — 6,218 — — — — 6,218 
Share repurchases— — — — — 2,548 (60,358)(60,358)
Balance, December 31, 2021112,222 $11,222 $514,969 $2,495,206 $(19,850)6,491 $(224,956)$2,776,591 
Comprehensive loss:
Net loss— — — (4,976)— — — (4,976)
Other comprehensive income— — — — 394 — — 394 
Dividends declared ($0.25 per share)
— — — (26,565)— — — (26,565)
Vesting of restricted stock awards, net of shares withheld for employee taxes— — (7,197)— — (161)5,805 (1,392)
Stock-based compensation— — 7,945 — — — — 7,945 
Share repurchases— — — — — 607 (16,641)(16,641)
Other— — (946)— — — — (946)
Balance, March 31, 2022112,222 $11,222 $514,771 $2,463,665 $(19,456)6,937 $(235,792)$2,734,410 
Comprehensive income:
Net income— — — 17,752 — — — 17,752 
Other comprehensive income— — — — 389 — — 389 
Dividends declared ($0.25 per share)
— — — (26,691)— — — (26,691)
Vesting of restricted stock awards, net of shares withheld for employee taxes— — (136)— — (5)140 
Stock-based compensation— — 7,051 — — — — 7,051 
Other— — (247)— — — — (247)
Balance, June 30, 2022112,222 $11,222 $521,439 $2,454,726 $(19,067)6,932 $(235,652)$2,732,668 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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HELMERICH & PAYNE, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
Three and Nine Months Ended June 30, 2021
(in thousands, except per share amounts)Common StockAdditional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
Treasury Stock
SharesAmountSharesAmountTotal
Balance, September 30, 2020112,151 $11,215 $521,628 $3,010,012 $(26,188)4,663 $(198,153)$3,318,514 
Comprehensive loss:
Net loss— — — (70,431)— — — (70,431)
Other comprehensive income— — — — 457 — — 457 
Dividends declared ($0.25 per share)
— — — (27,324)— — — (27,324)
Vesting of restricted stock awards, net of shares withheld for employee taxes72 (16,742)— — (295)14,618 (2,117)
Stock-based compensation— — 7,451 — — — — 7,451 
Cumulative effect adjustment for adoption of ASU No. 2016-13— — — (1,251)— — — (1,251)
Other— — (381)— — — — (381)
Balance, December 31, 2020112,223 $11,222 $511,956 $2,911,006 $(25,731)4,368 $(183,535)$3,224,918 
Comprehensive loss:
Net loss— — — (121,003)— — — (121,003)
Other comprehensive income— — — — 457 — — 457 
Dividends declared $0.25 per share)
— — — (27,268)— — — (27,268)
Vesting of restricted stock awards, net of shares withheld for employee taxes— — (1,678)— — (39)1,678 — 
Stock-based compensation— — 6,826 — — — — 6,826 
Other— — (234)— — — — (234)
Balance, March 31, 2021112,223 $11,222 $516,870 $2,762,735 $(25,274)4,329 $(181,857)$3,083,696 
Comprehensive loss:
Net loss— — — (55,555)— — — (55,555)
Other comprehensive income— — — — 460 — — 460 
Dividends declared ($0.25 per share)
— — — (27,321)— — — (27,321)
Vesting of restricted stock awards, net of shares withheld for employee taxes— — (257)— — (5)216 (41)
Stock-based compensation— — 6,963 — — — — 6,963 
Other— — (295)— — — — (295)
Balance, June 30, 2021112,223 $11,222 $523,281 $2,679,859 $(24,814)4,324 $(181,641)$3,007,907 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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HELMERICH & PAYNE, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
Nine Months Ended June 30,
(in thousands)20222021
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
NET LOSS$(38,586)$(246,989)
Adjustment for (income) loss from discontinued operations106 (10,936)
Loss from continuing operations(38,480)(257,925)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization304,115 317,771 
Asset impairment charge4,363 56,414 
Amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs880 994 
Loss on extinguishment of debt60,083 — 
Provision for credit loss1,022 
Stock-based compensation21,214 21,240 
Gain on investment securities(55,684)(7,853)
Gain on reimbursement of drilling equipment(21,597)(10,207)
Other (gain) loss on sale of assets(2,762)12,952 
Deferred income tax benefit(36,614)(66,102)
Other(2,765)8,849 
Change in assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(173,625)(33,075)
Inventories of materials and supplies(2,482)14,073 
Prepaid expenses and other9,209 (1,638)
Other noncurrent assets1,829 (3,337)
Accounts payable46,775 24,908 
Accrued liabilities22,511 8,643 
Deferred income tax liability454 (36)
Other noncurrent liabilities(21,745)4,183 
Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations116,701 89,862 
Net cash used in operating activities from discontinued operations(60)(41)
Net cash provided by operating activities116,641 89,821 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Capital expenditures(174,958)(49,173)
Other capital expenditures related to assets held-for-sale(18,228)— 
Purchase of short-term investments(109,318)(234,465)
Purchase of long-term investments(47,210)(2,319)
Proceeds from sale of short-term investments161,766 139,430 
Proceeds from sale of long-term investments22,042 — 
Proceeds from asset sales50,260 26,775 
Other(7,500)— 
Net cash used in investing activities(123,146)(119,752)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Dividends paid(80,702)(81,815)
Payments for employee taxes on net settlement of equity awards(5,515)(2,160)
Payment of contingent consideration from acquisition of business(250)(250)
Payments for early extinguishment of long-term debt(487,148)— 
Make-whole premium payment(56,421)— 
Share repurchases(76,999)— 
Other(587)(719)
Net cash used in financing activities(707,622)(84,944)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash(714,127)(114,875)
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period936,716 536,747 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$222,589 $421,872 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
Cash paid during the period:
Interest paid$10,889 $11,642 
Income tax paid (received), net3,392 (31,826)
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Payments for operating leases9,255 13,353 
Non-cash operating and investing activities:
Changes in accounts payable and accrued liabilities related to purchases of property, plant and equipment(4,260)(746)
Changes in accounts receivable, property, plant and equipment and other noncurrent assets related to the sale of equipment— 9,290 
Cumulative effect adjustment for adoption of ASU No. 2016-13— (1,251)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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HELMERICH & PAYNE, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
NOTE 1 NATURE OF OPERATIONS
Helmerich & Payne, Inc. (“H&P,” which, together with its subsidiaries, is identified as the “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our,” except where stated or the context requires otherwise) through its operating subsidiaries provides performance-driven drilling solutions and technologies that are intended to make hydrocarbon recovery safer and more economical for oil and gas exploration and production companies.
Our drilling services operations are organized into the following reportable operating business segments: North America Solutions, Offshore Gulf of Mexico and International Solutions. Our real estate operations, our incubator program for new research and development projects and our wholly-owned captive insurance companies are included in "Other." Refer to Note 14—Business Segments and Geographic Information for further details on our reportable segments.
Our North America Solutions operations are primarily located in Texas, but traditionally also operate in other states, depending upon demand. Such states include: Colorado, Louisiana, New Mexico, Nevada, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Utah, West Virginia and Wyoming. Additionally, our Offshore Gulf of Mexico operations are conducted in Louisiana and in U.S. federal waters in the Gulf of Mexico and in our International Solutions we have operations in four international locations: Argentina, Bahrain, Colombia and United Arab Emirates. 
We also own and operate limited commercial real estate properties. Our real estate assets, which are located exclusively within Tulsa, Oklahoma, include a shopping center and undeveloped real estate.
NOTE 2 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES
Interim Financial Information
The accompanying Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) and applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) pertaining to interim financial information. Accordingly, these interim financial statements do not include all information or footnote disclosures required by GAAP for complete financial statements and, therefore, should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto in our 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K and other current filings with the SEC. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of those of a normal recurring nature, necessary to present fairly the results of the periods presented have been included. The results of operations for the interim periods presented may not necessarily be indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.
Principles of Consolidation
The Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of Helmerich & Payne, Inc. and its domestic and foreign subsidiaries. Consolidation of a subsidiary begins when the Company gains control over the subsidiary and ceases when the Company loses control of the subsidiary. Specifically, income and expenses of a subsidiary acquired or disposed of during the fiscal year are included in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) from the date the Company gains control until the date when the Company ceases to control the subsidiary. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation.
Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash
Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, demand deposits with banks and all highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less. Our cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments are subject to potential credit risk, and certain of our cash accounts carry balances greater than the federally insured limits.
We had restricted cash of $33.9 million and $51.3 million at June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $19.2 million and $48.9 million at September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Of the total restricted cash at June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, $1.1 million and $1.5 million, respectively, is related to the acquisition of drilling technology companies, and $32.8 million and $17.7 million, respectively, represents an amount management has elected to restrict for the purpose of potential insurance claims in our wholly-owned captive insurance companies. The restricted amounts are primarily invested in short-term money market securities.
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The cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash are reflected within the following line items on the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
June 30,September 30,
(in thousands)2022202120212020
Cash and cash equivalents$188,663 $370,553 $917,534 $487,884 
Restricted cash
Prepaid expenses and other, net33,242 48,434 18,350 45,577 
Other assets, net684 2,885 832 3,286 
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash$222,589 $421,872 $936,716 $536,747 
During the nine months ended June 30, 2022, our cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash balance decreased approximately $714.1 million compared to our balance at September 30, 2021. This change was primarily driven by the redemption of all the outstanding 2025 Notes, resulting in a cash outflow of $487.1 million during the nine months ended June 30, 2022. Additionally, the associated make-whole premium of $56.4 million was paid during the first fiscal quarter of 2022 contemporaneously with the October 27, 2021 debt extinguishment.
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Recently Issued Accounting Updates
Changes to U.S. GAAP are established by the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") in the form of Accounting Standards Updates ("ASUs") to the FASB Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC"). We consider the applicability and impact of all ASUs. ASUs not listed below were assessed and determined to be either not applicable, clarifications of ASUs listed below, immaterial, or already adopted by the Company.
The following table provides a brief description of a recently adopted accounting pronouncement and our analysis of the effects on our financial statements:
Standard
Description
Date of
Adoption
Effect on the Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
ASU No. 2019-12, Financial Instruments – Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes
This ASU simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions related to Topic 740. The ASU also improves consistent application of and simplifies GAAP for other areas of Topic 740 by clarifying and amending existing guidance. This update is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2020. Early adoption of the amendment is permitted, including adoption in any interim period for public entities for periods for which financial statements have not yet been issued. An entity that elects to early adopt the amendments in an interim period should reflect any adjustments as of the beginning of the annual period that includes that interim period. Additionally, an entity that elects early adoption must adopt all the amendments in the same period. Upon adoption, the amendments addressed in this ASU will be applied either prospectively, retrospectively or on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative effect adjustment to retained earnings. This update is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2020.    
October 1, 2021
We adopted this ASU during the first quarter of fiscal year 2022. The adoption did not have a material effect on our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and disclosures.
Standards that are not yet adopted as of June 30, 2022
ASU No. 2020-06, Debt with conversion and other options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging – Contracts in Entity’s own equity (subtopic 815-40): Accounting For Convertible Instruments and Contracts In An Entity’s Own Equity
This ASU reduces the complexity of accounting for convertible debt and other equity-linked instruments by reducing the number of accounting models for convertible debt instruments and convertible preferred stock. Limiting the accounting models results in fewer embedded conversion features being separately recognized from the host contract as compared with current GAAP. Convertible instruments that continue to be subject to separation models are (1) those with embedded conversion features that are not clearly and closely related to the host contract, that meet the definition of a derivative, and that do not qualify for a scope exception from derivative accounting and (2) convertible debt instruments issued with substantial premiums for which the premiums are recorded as paid-in capital. This update is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15,2021. Early adoption of the amendment is permitted.
October 1, 2022
We plan to adopt this ASU, as required, during the first quarter of fiscal year 2023. Although we are currently evaluating the impact the new guidance may have on our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and disclosures, we do not believe the adoption will have a material effect thereon.
ASU No. 2022-03, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Fair Value Measurement of Equity Securities Subject to Contractual Sale RestrictionsThe amendments in this update clarify that a contractual restriction on the sale of an equity security is not considered part of the unit of account of the equity security and, therefore, is not considered in measuring fair value (i.e., the entity would not apply a discount related to the contractual sale restriction). Furthermore, an entity cannot, as a separate unit of account, recognize and measure a contractual sale restriction. The following disclosures for equity securities subject to contractual sale restrictions will be required: (1) the fair value of the equity securities subject to contractual sale restrictions reflected in the balance sheet, (2) the nature and remaining duration of the restriction(s), and (3) the circumstances that could cause a lapse in the restriction(s). This update is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2023. Early adoption of the amendment is permitted for both interim and annual financial statements. October 1, 2022
We plan to early adopt this ASU during the first quarter of fiscal year 2023. Although we are currently evaluating the impact the new guidance may have on our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and disclosures, we do not believe the adoption will have a material effect thereon.
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Self-Insurance
Our wholly-owned insurance captives ("Captives") incurred direct operating costs consisting primarily of adjustments to accruals for estimated losses of $3.1 million and $6.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $2.7 million and $8.8 million for the nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and rig casualty insurance premiums of $9.4 million and $5.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $26.2 million and $13.1 million for the nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and were recorded within drilling services operating expenses in our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. Intercompany premium revenues recorded by the Captives amounted to $14.7 million and $9.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $41.6 million and $25.2 million during the nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, which were eliminated upon consolidation. These intercompany insurance premiums are reflected as segment operating expenses within the North America Solutions, Offshore Gulf of Mexico, and International Solutions reportable operating segments and are reflected as intersegment sales within "Other." The Company self-insures employee health plan exposures in excess of employee deductibles. Starting in the second quarter of fiscal year 2020, the Captives issued a stop-loss program that will reimburse the Company's health plan for claims that exceed $50,000. This program is reviewed at the end of each policy year by an outside actuary. Our medical stop loss operating expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 were $3.8 million and $3.2 million, respectively, and $10.6 million and $8.7 million for the nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
International Solutions Drilling Risks
International Solutions drilling operations may significantly contribute to our revenues and net operating income (loss). There can be no assurance that we will be able to successfully conduct such operations, and a failure to do so may have an adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows. Also, the success of our International Solutions operations will be subject to numerous contingencies, some of which are beyond management’s control. These contingencies include general and regional economic conditions, fluctuations in currency exchange rates, modified exchange controls, changes in international regulatory requirements and international employment issues, risk of expropriation of real and personal property and the burden of complying with foreign laws. Additionally, in the event that extended labor strikes occur or a country experiences significant political, economic or social instability, we could experience shortages in labor and/or material and supplies necessary to operate some of our drilling rigs, thereby potentially causing an adverse material effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We have also experienced certain risks specific to our Argentine operations. In Argentina, while our dayrate is denominated in U.S. dollars, we are paid the equivalent in Argentine pesos. The Argentine branch of one of our second-tier subsidiaries remits U.S. dollars to its U.S. parent by converting the Argentine pesos into U.S. dollars through the Argentine Foreign Exchange Market and repatriating the U.S. dollars. Argentina also has a history of implementing currency controls that restrict the conversion and repatriation of U.S. dollars. In September 2020, Argentina implemented additional currency controls in an effort to preserve Argentina's U.S. dollar reserves. As a result of these currency controls, our ability to remit funds from our Argentine subsidiary to its U.S. parent has been limited. In the past, the Argentine government has also instituted price controls on crude oil, diesel and gasoline prices and instituted an exchange rate freeze in connection with those prices. These price controls and an exchange rate freeze could be instituted again in the future. Further, there are additional concerns regarding Argentina's debt burden, notwithstanding Argentina's restructuring deal with international bondholders in August 2020, as Argentina attempts to manage its substantial sovereign debt issues. These concerns could further negatively impact Argentina's economy and adversely affect our Argentine operations. Argentina’s economy is considered highly inflationary, which is defined as cumulative inflation rates exceeding 100 percent in the most recent three-year period based on inflation data published by the respective governments. Nonetheless, all of our foreign subsidiaries use the U.S. dollar as the functional currency and local currency monetary assets and liabilities are remeasured into U.S. dollars with gains and losses resulting from foreign currency transactions included in current results of operations.
We recorded aggregate foreign currency losses of $1.2 million and $0.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, and $4.5 million and $4.9 million for the nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. In the future, we may incur larger currency devaluations, foreign exchange restrictions or other difficulties repatriating U.S. dollars from Argentina or elsewhere, which could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations. As of June 30, 2022, our cash balance in Argentina was $3.8 million.
Because of the impact of local laws, our future operations in certain areas may be conducted through entities in which local citizens own interests and through entities (including joint ventures) in which we hold only a minority interest or pursuant to arrangements under which we conduct operations under contract to local entities. While we believe that neither operating through such entities nor pursuant to such arrangements would have a material adverse effect on our operations or revenues, there can be no assurance that we will in all cases be able to structure or restructure our operations to conform to local law (or the administration thereof) on terms acceptable to us.
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Although we attempt to minimize the potential impact of such risks by operating in more than one geographical area, during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, approximately 5.4 percent and 6.7 percent of our operating revenues were generated from international locations in our drilling business compared to 4.8 percent during both the three and nine months ended June 30, 2021. During the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, approximately 82.6 percent and 78.4 percent of operating revenues from international locations were from operations in South America, compared to 52.2 percent and 43.1 percent during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. Substantially all of the South American operating revenues were from Argentina and Colombia. The future occurrence of one or more international events arising from the types of risks described above could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
NOTE 3 DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
Noncurrent liabilities from discontinued operations include an uncertain tax liability related to the country of Venezuela. Expenses incurred for in-country obligations are reported as discontinued operations within our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. 
The activity for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 was primarily due to the remeasurement of an uncertain tax liability as a result of the devaluation of the Venezuelan Bolivar.  Early in 2018, the Venezuelan government announced that it changed the existing dual-rate foreign currency exchange system by eliminating its heavily subsidized foreign exchange rate, which was 10 Bolivars per United States dollar, and relaunched an exchange system known as DICOM. The Venezuelan government also established a new currency called the “Sovereign Bolivar,” which was determined by the elimination of five zeros from the old currency. The DICOM floating rate was approximately 4,181,782 and 3,220,598 Bolivars per United States dollar at September 30, 2021, and June 30, 2021, respectively. In October 2021, the Venezuelan government launched another monetary overhaul by cutting six zeros from the Bolivar in response to hyperinflation and to simplify accounting. As such, as of June 30, 2022, the DICOM floating rate was approximately six Bolivars per United States dollar. The DICOM floating rate might not reflect the barter market exchange rates.
NOTE 4 PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Property, plant and equipment as of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021 consisted of the following:
(in thousands)Estimated Useful LivesJune 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Drilling services equipment
4 - 15 years
$6,327,863 $6,229,011 
Tubulars4 years573,514 573,900 
Real estate properties
10 - 45 years
45,308 43,302 
Other
2 - 23 years
416,163 459,741 
Construction in progress (1)
  54,931 47,587 
  7,417,779 7,353,541 
Accumulated depreciation  (4,430,672)(4,226,254)
Property, plant and equipment, net  $2,987,107 $3,127,287 
Assets held-for-sale$25,604 $71,453 
(1)Included in construction in progress are costs for projects in progress to upgrade or refurbish certain rigs in our existing fleet.  Additionally, we include other capital maintenance purchase orders that are open/in process.  As these various projects are completed, the costs are then classified to their appropriate useful life category.
Depreciation
Depreciation expense in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations was $97.5 million and $102.7 million, including $1.4 million and $1.3 million in abandonments, for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Depreciation expense in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations was $293.5 million and $312.4 million, including $5.2 million and $1.7 million in abandonments for the nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
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Assets Held-for-Sale
The following table reconciles changes in the balance (in thousands) of our assets held-for-sale at the dates indicated below:
Balance at September 30, 2021$71,453 
Additions1,459 
Sales(47,308)
Balance at June 30, 2022
$25,604 
In March 2021, the Company's leadership continued the execution of the current strategy focusing on operating various types of highly capable upgraded rigs and phasing out the older, less capable fleet. As a result, the Company has undertaken a plan to sell 71 Domestic non-super-spec rigs, all within our North America Solutions segment, the majority of which were previously decommissioned, written down and/or held as capital spares. The book values of those assets were written down to $13.5 million, which represented their fair value less estimated costs to sell, and were reclassified as held-for-sale in the second and third quarters of fiscal year 2021. During the fiscal year ended September 30, 2021, we completed the sale of a portion of the assets with a net book value of $6.5 million that were originally classified as held-for-sale during the second and third quarters of fiscal year 2021. Additionally, during the nine months ended June 30, 2022, we completed the sale of a portion of the remaining assets with a net book value of $1.9 million that were originally classified as held-for-sale during the second and third quarters of fiscal year 2021.
During September 2021, the Company agreed to sell eight FlexRig® land rigs with an aggregate net book value of $55.6 million to ADNOC Drilling Company P.J.S.C. ("ADNOC Drilling") for $86.5 million. Two of the eight rigs were already located in the U.A.E where ADNOC Drilling is domiciled with the remaining six rigs to be shipped from the United States. We received the $86.5 million in cash consideration in advance of delivering the rigs. As part of the sales agreement, the rigs are being delivered and commissioned in stages over a twelve-month period subject to acceptance upon successful completion of final inspection on customary terms and conditions. As of June 30, 2022, ADNOC Drilling accepted delivery of five rigs with an aggregate net book value of $34.5 million and, as a result, we recognized a gain of $1.1 million, after incurring $15.7 million of selling costs, during the nine months ended June 30, 2022. Upon final acceptance of delivery, these rigs were removed from assets classified as held-for-sale as of June 30, 2022. The gains are recorded in Other (Gain) Loss on Sale of Assets within our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022. The remaining cash proceeds received in advance of rig delivery and acceptance of $35.3 million is recorded in Accrued Liabilities within our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2022. Additionally, the three remaining rigs not yet delivered and accepted are classified as held-for-sale in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets until each rig is delivered and accepted, at which time any related gain/loss on the sale will be recognized in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. Estimated cost to sell related to the remaining rigs is approximately $12.9 million, including approximately $6.9 million of expenses incurred during the nine months ended June 30, 2022, and approximately $6.0 million of expenses to be incurred in future periods. We paid approximately $18.2 million in cash charges related to costs to sell for the eight rigs during the nine months ended June 30, 2022.
During the fiscal year ended September 30, 2021, we formalized a plan to sell assets related to two of our lower margin service offerings, trucking and casing running assets, which contributed approximately 2.8 percent to our consolidated revenues during fiscal year 2021, all within our North America Solutions segment. The combined net book values of these assets of $23.2 million were written down to their combined fair value less estimated cost to sell of $8.8 million, and were reclassified as held-for-sale during the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2021. During the nine months ended June 30, 2022, we closed on the sale of these assets in two separate transactions. The sale of our trucking assets was completed on November 3, 2021 while the sale of our casing running assets was completed on November 15, 2021 for total consideration less costs to sell of $6.0 million, in addition to the possibility of future earnout revenue, resulting in a loss of $3.4 million. Losses related to the sale of these assets are recorded in Other (Gain) Loss on Sale of Assets within our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
During the first quarter of fiscal year 2022, we identified two partial rig substructures that met the asset held-for-sale criteria and were reclassified as assets held-for-sale on our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The combined net book value of the rig substructures of $2.0 million were written down to their estimated scrap value of $0.1 million, resulting in a non-cash impairment charge of $1.9 million within our North America Solutions segment and recorded in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for the nine months ended June 30, 2022. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2022, we completed the sale of a portion of the assets with a net book value of approximately $0.1 million, resulting in no gain or loss as a result of the sale.
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During the first quarter of fiscal year 2022, we identified two international FlexRig® drilling rigs located in Colombia that met the asset held-for-sale criteria and were reclassified as assets held-for-sale on our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. In conjunction with establishing a plan to sell the two international FlexRig® drilling rigs, we recognized a non-cash impairment charge of $2.5 million within our International Solutions segment and recorded in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations during the nine months ended June 30, 2022, as the rigs aggregate net book value of $3.4 million exceeded the fair value of the rigs less estimated cost to sell of $0.9 million. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2022, we completed the sale of the two international FlexRig® drilling rigs for total consideration of $0.9 million, resulting in no gain or loss as a result of the sale.
The significant assumptions utilized in the valuation of assets held-for-sale were based on our intended method of disposal, historical sales of similar assets, and market quotes and are classified as Level 2 and Level 3 inputs by ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement and Disclosures. Although we believe the assumptions used in our analysis are reasonable and appropriate, different assumptions and estimates could materially impact the analysis and our resulting conclusion.
(Gain)/Loss on Sale of Assets
We had a gain of $9.9 million and $21.6 million, during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, respectively, and $4.3 million and $10.2 million, during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, related to customer reimbursement for the replacement value of lost or damaged drill pipe. Gains related to these asset sales are recorded in Gains on Reimbursement of Drilling Equipment within our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
During the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, we had a gain of $3.1 million and $2.8 million, respectively, related to the sale of rig equipment and other capital assets. During the first quarter of fiscal year 2022, we closed on the sale of our trucking and casing running assets resulting in a loss of $3.4 million, as mentioned above. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2022, ADNOC Drilling accepted delivery of two rigs resulting in a gain of $1.2 million. During the third quarter of fiscal year 2022, ADNOC Drilling accepted delivery of three rigs which resulted in a nominal loss of $26.6 thousand. The (gain) loss related to the sale of these assets are recorded in Other (Gain) Loss on Sale of Assets within our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
During the three and nine months ended June 30, 2021, we had a loss of $0.8 million and $13.0 million, respectively, related to sale of rig equipment and other capital assets. During the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, we completed the sale of an offshore platform rig within our Offshore Gulf of Mexico operating segment resulting in a gain of $9.2 million. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2021, we sold excess drilling equipment and spares, which resulted in a net loss of $23.0 million. The gains and losses related to these asset sales were recorded in Other (Gain) Loss on Sale of Assets within our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
NOTE 5 GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Goodwill
Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination, at the date of acquisition. Goodwill is not amortized but is tested for potential impairment at the reporting unit level, at a minimum on an annual basis, or when indications of potential impairment exist. All of our goodwill is within our North America Solutions reportable segment. 
During the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, we had no additions or impairments to goodwill. As of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, the goodwill balance was $45.7 million.
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Intangible Assets
Finite-lived intangible assets are amortized using the straight-line method over the period in which these assets contribute to our cash flows and are evaluated for impairment in accordance with our policies for valuation of long-lived assets.  All of our intangible assets are within our North America Solutions reportable segment. Intangible assets consist of the following:
 June 30, 2022September 30, 2021
(in thousands)Weighted Average Estimated Useful LivesGross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
NetGross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
Finite-lived intangible asset:      
Developed technology15 years$89,096 $26,648 $62,448 $89,096 $22,182 $66,914 
Intellectual property13 years2,000 300 1,700 1,500 216 1,284 
Trade name20 years5,865 1,396 4,469 5,865 1,158 4,707 
Customer relationships5 years4,000 3,667 333 4,000 3,067 933 
$100,961 $32,011 $68,950 $100,461 $26,623 $73,838 
Amortization expense in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations was $1.8 million for both the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, and $5.4 million for both the nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021. Amortization is estimated to be approximately $1.8 million for the remainder of fiscal year 2022, approximately $6.6 million for fiscal year 2023, and approximately $6.4 million for fiscal years 2024, 2025 and 2026.
NOTE 6 DEBT
We had the following unsecured long-term debt outstanding with maturities shown in the following table:
June 30, 2022September 30, 2021
(in thousands)Face
Amount
Unamortized
Discount and Debt Issuance
Cost
Book
Value
Face
Amount
Unamortized
Discount and Debt Issuance
Cost
Book
Value
Unsecured senior notes:
Due March 19, 2025$— $— $— $487,148 $(3,662)$483,486 
Due September 29, 2031550,000 (7,710)542,290 550,000 (8,003)541,997 
550,000 (7,710)542,290 1,037,148 (11,665)1,025,483 
Less long-term debt due within one year— — — (487,148)3,662 (483,486)
Long-term debt$550,000 $(7,710)$542,290 $550,000 $(8,003)$541,997 
Senior Notes
2.90% Senior Notes due 2031 On September 29, 2021, we issued $550.0 million aggregate principal amount of 2.90 percent 2031 Notes in an offering to persons reasonably believed to be qualified institutional buyers in the United States pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act (“Rule 144A”) and to certain non-U.S. persons in transactions outside the United States pursuant to Regulation S under the Securities Act (“Regulation S”). Interest on the 2031 Notes is payable semi-annually on March 29 and September 29 of each year, commencing on March 29, 2022. The 2031 Notes will mature on September 29, 2031 and bear interest at a rate of 2.90 percent per annum.
The indenture governing the 2031 Notes contains certain covenants that, among other things and subject to certain exceptions, limit the ability of the Company and its subsidiaries to incur certain liens; engage in sale and lease-back transactions; and consolidate, merge or transfer all or substantially all of the assets of the Company. The indenture governing the 2031 Notes also contains customary events of default with respect to the 2031 Notes.
4.65% Senior Notes due 2025 On December 20, 2018, we issued approximately $487.1 million in aggregate principal amount of the 2025 Notes. Interest on the 2025 Notes was payable semi-annually on March 15 and September 15 of each year, commencing on March 15, 2019. The debt issuance cost was being amortized straight-line over the stated life of the obligation, which approximated the effective interest method.
On September 27, 2021, the Company delivered a conditional notice of optional full redemption for all of the outstanding 2025 Notes at a redemption price calculated in accordance with the indenture governing the 2025 Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest on the 2025 Notes to be redeemed. The Company financed the redemption of the 2025 Notes with the net proceeds from the offering of the 2031 Notes, together with cash on hand. The Company’s obligation to redeem the 2025 Notes was conditioned upon the prior consummation of the issuance of the 2031 Notes, which was satisfied on September 29, 2021.
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On October 27, 2021, we redeemed all of the outstanding 2025 Notes. As a result, the associated make-whole premium of $56.4 million and the write off of the unamortized discount and debt issuance costs of $3.7 million were recognized during the first fiscal quarter of 2022 contemporaneously with the October 27, 2021 debt extinguishment and recorded in Loss on Extinguishment of Debt on our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations during the nine months ended June 30, 2022.
Credit Facilities
On November 13, 2018, we entered into a credit agreement by and among the Company, as borrower, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as administrative agent, and the lenders party thereto, which was amended on November 13, 2019, providing for an unsecured revolving credit facility (as amended, the “2018 Credit Facility”), that was set to mature on November 13, 2024. On April 16, 2021, lenders with $680.0 million of commitments under the 2018 Credit Facility exercised their option to extend the maturity of the 2018 Credit Facility from November 13, 2024 to November 12, 2025. The remaining $70.0 million of commitments under the 2018 Credit Facility will expire on November 13, 2024, unless extended by the applicable lender before such date. Additionally, on March 8, 2022, we entered into the second amendment to the 2018 Credit Facility, which, among other things, raised the number of potential future extensions of the maturity date applicable to extending lenders from one to two such potential extensions and replaced provisions in respect of interest rate determinations that were based on the London Interbank Offered Rate with provisions based on the Secured Overnight Financing Rate. Lenders with $680.0 million of commitments under the 2018 Credit Facility also exercised their option to extend the maturity of the 2018 Credit Facility from November 12, 2025 to November 11, 2026. The remaining $70.0 million of commitments under the 2018 Credit Facility will expire on November 13, 2024, unless extended by the applicable lender before such date.
The 2018 Credit Facility has $750.0 million in aggregate availability with a maximum of $75.0 million available for use as letters of credit. As of June 30, 2022, there were no borrowings or letters of credit outstanding, leaving $750.0 million available to borrow under the 2018 Credit Facility. For a full description of the 2018 Credit Facility, see Note 7—Debt to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
As of June 30, 2022, we had four separate bi-lateral credit facilities with banks with an aggregate outstanding balance of $33.8 million.
As of June 30, 2022, we also had a $20.0 million unsecured standalone line of credit facility, for the purpose of obtaining the issuance of international letters of credit, bank guarantees, and performance bonds. Of the $20.0 million, $5.8 million of financial guarantees were outstanding as of June 30, 2022.
The applicable agreements for all unsecured debt contain additional terms, conditions and restrictions that we believe are usual and customary in unsecured debt arrangements for companies that are similar in size and credit quality.  At June 30, 2022, we were in compliance with all debt covenants.
NOTE 7 INCOME TAXES
Although in the second quarter of fiscal year 2022 we anticipated using the discrete effective tax method to calculate income taxes for the remainder of the fiscal year, we used the estimated annual effective tax rate to calculate the income tax provision for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022 as the estimated annual effective tax rate provides a reliable estimate. In calculating our estimated annual effective tax rate, we consider forecasted annual pre-tax income and estimated permanent book versus tax differences. Adjustments to the effective tax rate and estimates could occur during the year as information and assumptions change, including, but not limited to, changes to the forecasted amounts, estimates of permanent book versus tax differences, and changes to tax laws and rates.
Our income tax expense (benefit) from continuing operations for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 was $1.7 million and $(23.7) million, respectively, resulting in effective tax rates of 9.0 percent and 29.4 percent, respectively. Our income tax expense (benefit) from continuing operations for the nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 was $(3.2) million and $(78.4) million, respectively, resulting in effective tax rates of 7.6 percent and 23.3 percent, respectively. Effective tax rates differ from the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21.0 percent for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 primarily due to state and foreign income taxes, permanent non-deductible items and discrete adjustments. The discrete adjustments for the nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 are primarily due to changes in our deferred state income tax rate, return to provision adjustments, and equity compensation.
For the next 12 months, we cannot predict with certainty whether we will achieve ultimate resolution of any uncertain tax positions associated with our U.S. and international operations that could result in increases or decreases of our unrecognized tax benefits. However, we do not expect these increases or decreases to have a material effect on our results of continuing operations or financial position.
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NOTE 8 SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
The Company has an evergreen authorization from the Board of Directors (the "Board") for the repurchase of up to four million common shares in any calendar year. The repurchases may be made using our cash and cash equivalents or other available sources. During the nine months ended June 30, 2022, we repurchased 3.2 million common shares at an aggregate cost of $77.0 million, respectively, which are held as treasury shares. There were no repurchases of common shares during the nine months ended June 30, 2021.
A cash dividend of $0.25 per share was declared on March 2, 2022 for shareholders of record on May 13, 2022, and was paid on May 27, 2022. An additional cash dividend of $0.25 per share was declared on May 31, 2022 for shareholders of record on August 17, 2022, payable on September 1, 2022. As a result, we recorded a dividend payable of $26.7 million within Dividends Payable on our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2022.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Components of accumulated other comprehensive loss were as follows:
(in thousands)June 30,
2022
September 30,
2021
Pre-tax amounts:  
Unrecognized net actuarial loss$(24,747)$(26,268)
(24,747)(26,268)
After-tax amounts:
Unrecognized net actuarial loss(19,067)(20,244)
$(19,067)$(20,244)
The following is a summary of the changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax, related to the defined benefit pension plan for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022:
(in thousands)Three Months Ended June 30, 2022Nine Months Ended June 30, 2022
Balance at beginning of period$(19,456)$(20,244)
Activity during the period
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss389 1,177 
Net current-period other comprehensive income389 1,177 
Balance at June 30, 2022$(19,067)$(19,067)
NOTE 9 REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS
Drilling Services Revenue
The releases for rigs under term contracts result in early termination compensation owed to us. During the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, we recognized no early termination revenue associated with term contracts, compared to $0.7 million and $7.7 million recognized during the nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 respectively.
With most drilling contracts, we also receive payments contractually designated for the mobilization and demobilization of drilling rigs and other equipment to and from the client’s drill site. Revenue associated with the mobilization and demobilization of our drilling rigs to and from the client’s drill site do not relate to a distinct good or service. These revenues are deferred and recognized ratably over the related contract term that drilling services are provided. For any contracts that include a provision for pooled term days at contract inception, followed by the assignment of days to specific rigs throughout the contract term, we have elected, as a practical expedient, to recognize revenue in the amount to which the entity has a right to invoice, as permitted by ASC 606.
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On November 12, 2021, we settled a drilling contract dispute related to drilling services provided from fiscal years 2016 through 2019 with YPF S.A. (Argentina) ("YPF"). The settlement required that YPF make a one-time cash payment to H&P in the amount of $11.0 million and enter into drilling service contracts for three drilling rigs, each with multi-year terms. In addition, both parties were released of all outstanding claims against each other, and as a result, H&P recognized $5.4 million in revenue primarily due to accrued contingent liabilities for disputed amounts. Total revenue recognized as a result of the settlement in the amount of $16.4 million is included in Drilling Services Revenue within the International Solutions segment on our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the nine months ended June 30, 2022.
Contract Costs
We had capitalized fulfillment costs of $7.9 million and $4.3 million as of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, respectively.
Remaining Performance Obligations
The total aggregate transaction price allocated to the unsatisfied performance obligations, commonly referred to as backlog, as of June 30, 2022 was approximately $862.2 million, of which approximately $338.7 million is expected to be recognized during the remainder of fiscal year 2022, approximately $408.6 million during fiscal year 2023, and approximately $114.9 million during fiscal year 2024 and thereafter. These amounts do not include anticipated contract renewals. Additionally, contracts that currently contain month-to-month terms are represented in our backlog as one month of unsatisfied performance obligations. Our contracts are subject to cancellation or modification at the election of the customer, but also carry certain early termination provisions customers abide by in cases of cancellation or modification. Due to the level of capital deployed by our customers on underlying projects, we have not been materially adversely affected by contract cancellations or modifications in the past.
Contract Assets and Liabilities
The following tables summarize the balances of our contract assets (net of allowance for estimated credit losses) and liabilities at the dates indicated below:
(in thousands)June 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Contract assets, net$5,772 $4,513 
(in thousands)June 30, 2022
Contract liabilities balance at September 30, 2021
$9,286 
Payment received/accrued and deferred36,353 
Revenue recognized during the period(28,610)
Contract liabilities balance at June 30, 2022
$17,029 
NOTE 10 STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
A summary of compensation cost for stock-based payment arrangements recognized in drilling services operating expense, research and development expense and selling, general and administrative expense on our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations is as follows:
Three Months Ended June 30,Nine Months Ended June 30,
(in thousands)2022202120222021
Stock-based compensation expense
Drilling services operating $1,340 $1,362 $3,862 $4,654 
Research and development400 351 1,146 958 
Selling, general and administrative5,311 5,250 16,206 15,628 
$7,051 $6,963 $21,214 $21,240 
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Restricted Stock
A summary of the status of our restricted stock awards as of June 30, 2022 and changes in non-vested restricted stock outstanding during the nine months then ended is presented below:
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
Shares (1)
Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value per Share
Non-vested restricted stock outstanding at September 30, 2021
1,412 $37.36 
Granted744 25.83 
Vested (2)
(606)39.88 
Forfeited(53)30.82 
Non-vested restricted stock outstanding at June 30, 2022
1,497 $30.85 
(1)    Restricted stock shares include restricted phantom stock units under our Director Deferred Compensation Plan. These phantom stock units confer the economic benefits of owning company stock without the actual ownership, transfer or issuance of any shares. During the nine months ended June 30, 2022, 14,199 restricted phantom stock units were granted and 18,906 restricted phantom stock units vested during the same period.
(2)    The number of restricted stock awards vested includes shares that we withheld on behalf of our employees to satisfy the statutory tax withholding requirements.
Performance Units
A summary of the status of our performance-vested restricted share units ("performance units") as of June 30, 2022 and changes in non-vested performance units outstanding during the nine months ended is presented below:
(in thousands, except per share amounts)Performance UnitsWeighted Average Grant Date Fair Value per Performance Unit
Non-vested performance units outstanding at September 30, 2021
699 $41.55 
Granted227 30.12 
Vested (1)
(161)62.66 
Dividend equivalent right performance units credited11 32.47 
Forfeited(54)34.16 
Non-vested performance units outstanding at June 30, 2022 (2)
722 $33.67 
(1)    The number of performance units vested includes units that we withheld on behalf of our employees to satisfy the statutory tax withholding requirements.
(2) Of the total non-vested performance units at the end of the period, specified performance criteria has been achieved with respect to 96,197 performance units which is calculated based on the payout percentage for the completed performance cycle. The vesting and number of the remainder of non-vested performance units reflected at the end of the period is contingent upon our achievement of specified target performance criteria. If we meet the specified maximum performance criteria, approximately 1,097,404 additional performance units could vest or become eligible to vest.
Subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the applicable performance unit award agreements and the 2020 Plan, grants of performance units are subject to a vesting period of three years (the “Vesting Period”) that is dependent on the achievement of certain performance goals. Such performance unit grants consist of two separate components. Performance units that comprise the first component are subject to a three-year performance cycle. Performance units that comprise the second component are further divided into three separate tranches, each of which is subject to a separate one-year performance cycle within the full three-year performance cycle.  The vesting of the performance units is generally dependent on (i) the achievement of the Company’s total shareholder return (“TSR”) performance goals relative to the TSR achievement of a peer group of companies over the applicable performance cycle, and (ii) the continued employment of the recipient of the performance unit award throughout the Vesting Period. The Vesting Period for performance units granted in December 2018 ended on December 31, 2021 and the performance units earned were settled in shares of common stock during the second quarter of fiscal year 2022.
NOTE 11 EARNINGS (LOSSES) PER COMMON SHARE
ASC 260, Earnings per Share, requires companies to treat unvested share-based payment awards that have non-forfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents as a separate class of securities in calculating earnings per share.  We have granted and expect to continue to grant to employees restricted stock grants that contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends. Such grants are considered participating securities under ASC 260.  As such, we are required to include these grants in the calculation of our basic earnings per share and calculate basic earnings per share using the two-class method. The two-class method of computing earnings per share is an earnings allocation formula that determines earnings per share for each class of common stock and participating security according to dividends declared (or accumulated) and participation rights in undistributed earnings.
Basic earnings per share is computed utilizing the two-class method and is calculated based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the periods presented.
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Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted-average number of common and common equivalent shares outstanding during the periods utilizing the two-class method for stock options, non-vested restricted stock and performance units.
Under the two-class method of calculating earnings per share, dividends paid and a portion of undistributed net income, but not losses, are allocated to unvested restricted stock grants that receive dividends, which are considered participating securities.
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share:
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Nine Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands, except per share amounts)2022202120222021
Numerator:
Income (loss) from continuing operations$17,475 $(56,705)$(38,480)$(257,925)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations277 1,150 (106)10,936 
Net income (loss)17,752 (55,555)(38,586)(246,989)
Adjustment for basic earnings (loss) per share
Earnings allocated to unvested shareholders(368)(348)(1,138)(1,002)
Numerator for basic earnings (loss) per share:
From continuing operations17,107 (57,053)(39,618)(258,927)
From discontinued operations277 1,150 (106)10,936 
17,384 (55,903)(39,724)(247,991)
Numerator for diluted earnings (loss) per share:
From continuing operations17,107 (57,053)(39,618)(258,927)
From discontinued operations277 1,150 (106)10,936 
$17,384 $(55,903)$(39,724)$(247,991)
Denominator:
Denominator for basic earnings (loss) per share - weighted-average shares105,289 107,896 106,092 107,790 
Effect of dilutive shares from stock options, restricted stock and performance units732 — — — 
Denominator for diluted earnings (loss) per share - adjusted weighted-average shares106,021 107,896 106,092 107,790 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share:
Income (loss) from continuing operations$0.16 $(0.53)$(0.37)$(2.40)
Income from discontinued operations— 0.01 — 0.10 
Net loss$0.16 $(0.52)$(0.37)$(2.30)
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share:
Income (loss) from continuing operations$0.16 $(0.53)$(0.37)$(2.40)
Income from discontinued operations— 0.01 — 0.10 
Net loss$0.16 $(0.52)$(0.37)$(2.30)
We had a net loss for all periods presented above except for the three months ended June 30, 2022. Accordingly, our diluted loss per share calculation for these periods were equivalent to our basic loss per share calculation since diluted loss per share excluded any assumed exercise of equity awards. These were excluded because they were deemed to be anti-dilutive, meaning their inclusion would have reduced the reported net loss per share in the applicable period.
The following potentially dilutive average shares attributable to outstanding equity awards were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings (loss) per share because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive:
 Three Months Ended
June 30,
Nine Months Ended
June 30,
 (in thousands, except per share amounts)
2022202120222021
Potentially dilutive shares excluded as anti-dilutive2,4293,3252,6053,932
Weighted-average price per share$63.16 $59.47 $61.84 $57.07 
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NOTE 12 FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
We have certain assets and liabilities that are required to be measured and disclosed at fair value. Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.  We use the fair value hierarchy established in ASC 820-10 to measure fair value to prioritize the inputs:
Level 1 — Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity can access at the measurement date.
Level 2 — Observable inputs, other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.
Level 3 — Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.  This includes pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs.
The Company's assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment and considers factors specific to the asset or liability.
Recurring Fair Value Measurements
The following tables summarize our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and indicate the level in the fair value hierarchy in which we classify the fair value measurement.
June 30, 2022
(in thousands)Fair ValueLevel 1Level 2Level 3
Assets    
Short-term investments: 
Corporate debt securities$132,629 $— $132,629 $— 
U.S. government and federal agency securities11,702 11,702 — — 
Total short-term investments144,331 11,702 132,629 — 
Investments:
Non-qualified supplemental savings plan15,594 15,594 — — 
Debt securities3,524 — — 3,524 
Equity investment in ADNOC Drilling147,786 147,786 — — 
Debt security investment in Galileo33,000 — — 33,000 
Total investments199,904 163,380 — 36,524 
Liabilities
Contingent consideration$3,996 $— $— $3,996 
September 30, 2021
(in thousands)Fair ValueLevel 1Level 2Level 3
Assets    
Short-term investments:    
Corporate debt securities$192,950 $— $192,950 $— 
U.S. government and federal agency securities5,750 5,750 — — 
Total short-term investments198,700 5,750 192,950 — 
Investments:
Non-qualified supplemental savings plan18,221 18,221 — — 
Equity and debt securities14,358 13,858 — 500 
Cornerstone investment in ADNOC Drilling100,000 100,000 — — 
Total investments132,579 132,079 — 500 
Liabilities
Contingent consideration$2,996 $— $— $2,996 
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Short-term Investments Short-term investments include securities classified as trading securities. Both realized and unrealized gains and losses on trading securities are included in other income (expense) in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The securities are recorded at fair value. Level 1 inputs include U.S. agency issued debt securities with active markets and money market funds. For these items, quoted current market prices are readily available. Level 2 inputs included corporate bonds measured using broker quotations that utilize observable market inputs.
Long-term Investments Our long-term investments include debt and equity securities and assets held in a Non-Qualified Supplemental Savings Plan ("Savings Plan") and are recorded within Investments on our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Our assets that we hold in the Savings Plan are comprised of mutual funds that are measured using Level 1 inputs. During the three months ended June 30, 2022, the Company made a $33.0 million cornerstone investment in Galileo Holdco 2 Limited Technologies ("Galileo Holdco 2"), part of the group of companies known as Galileo Technologies (“Galileo”) in the form of a convertible note. Galileo specializes in liquification, natural gas compression and re-gasification modular systems and technologies to make the production, transportation, and consumption of natural gas, biomethane, and hydrogen more economically viable. The convertible note bears interest at 5.0 percent per annum with a maturity date of the earlier of April 2027 or an exit event (as defined in the agreement as either an initial public offering or a sale of Galileo). If the conversion option is exercised, the note would convert into common shares of the parent of Galileo Holdco 2.
All of our long-term debt securities, including our investment in Galileo, are classified as available-for-sale and considered a Level 3 input based on the absence of market activity. The following table reconciles changes in the fair value of our Level 3 assets for the periods presented below:
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Nine Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands)2022202120222021
Assets at beginning of period$3,500 $500 $500 $500 
Additions33,024 — 36,024 — 
Assets at end of period$36,524 $500 $36,524 $500 
During the three months ended June 30, 2022, we sold our remaining equity securities of approximately 467.5 thousand shares in Schlumberger, Ltd. and received proceeds of approximately $22.0 million. For the three months ended June 30, 2022, we recorded a gain of $2.7 million related to this investment, which included a $0.5 million gain recognized upon the sale of our investment and a $2.2 million gain related to valuation adjustments. This activity is reported in Gain (loss) on investment securities in our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. This investment was classified as Level 1 and based on the quoted stock price.
During September 2021, the Company made a $100.0 million cornerstone investment in ADNOC Drilling in advance of its announced IPO, representing 159.7 million shares of ADNOC Drilling, equivalent to a one percent ownership stake and subject to a three-year lockup period. ADNOC Drilling's IPO was completed on October 3, 2021, and its shares are listed and traded on the Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange (ADX). Our investment is classified as a long-term equity investment within Investments in our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. We have applied the guidance in Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement, in the initial accounting of the transaction and the subsequent revaluation of the investment balance, concluding that the contractual restriction on the sale of an equity security that is publicly traded is not considered in measuring fair value. During the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, we recognized a gain (loss) of $(17.0) million and $47.8 million, respectively, in our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. As of June 30, 2022, this investment is classified as a Level 1 investment based on the quoted stock price on the Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange. During the three months ended June 30, 2022, we also received dividends in the amount of $3.2 million as a result of this investment.
Contingent Consideration Our financial liabilities measured using Level 3 unobservable inputs primarily consist of potential earnout payments associated with our business acquisitions in fiscal year 2019 and certain consulting services. The contingent considerations are recorded in Accrued Liabilities and Other Noncurrent Liabilities in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets based on the expected timing of milestone achievements. The following table reconciles changes in the fair value of our Level 3 liabilities for the periods presented below:
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Nine Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands)2022202120222021
Liabilities at beginning of period$2,996 $8,973 $2,996 $9,123 
Additions1,000 — 1,500 — 
Total gains or losses:
Included in earnings— 823 (250)923 
Settlements 1
— — (250)(250)
Liabilities at end of period$3,996 $9,796 $3,996 $9,796 
(1)Settlements represent earnout payments that have been paid or earned during the period.
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Nonrecurring Fair Value Measurements
We have certain assets that are subject to measurement at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. For these nonfinancial assets, measurement at fair value in periods subsequent to their initial recognition is applicable if they are determined to be impaired. These assets generally include property, plant and equipment, goodwill, intangible assets, and operating lease right-of-use assets. If measured at fair value in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, these would generally be classified within Level 2 or 3 of the fair value hierarchy. Further details on any changes in valuation of these assets is provided in their respective footnotes.
We also hold various other equity securities without readily determinable fair values. These equity securities are measured at cost, less any impairments, on a nonrecurring basis. As of June 30, 2022 and June 30, 2021, the aggregate balance of these equity securities was $14.1 million and $2.9 million, respectively. During the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022, we did not record any impairments on these investments.
The following table reconciles changes in the balance of our equity securities, without readily determinable fair values, for the periods presented below:
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Nine Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands)2022202120222021
Assets at beginning of period$13,990 $1,000 $2,865 $— 
Additions62 1,865 11,187 2,865 
Assets at end of period$14,052 $2,865 $14,052 $2,865 
Geothermal Investments
As of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021 the aggregate balance of our debt and equity security investments in geothermal energy was $17.0 million and $2.7 million, respectively. All of our geothermal investments are considered a Level 3 input based on the absence of market activity. These investments include assets measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis.
Other Financial Instruments
The carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash approximates fair value due to the short-term nature of these items. The majority of cash equivalents are invested in highly liquid money-market mutual funds invested primarily in direct or indirect obligations of the U.S. Government and in federally insured deposit accounts. The carrying value of accounts receivables, other current and noncurrent assets, accounts payable, accrued liabilities and other liabilities approximated fair value at June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021.
The following information presents the supplemental fair value information for our current and long-term fixed-rate debt at June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021:
(in millions)
June 30, 2022
September 30, 2021
Current portion of long-term debt, net1
Carrying value$— $483.5 
Fair value— 541.6 
Long-term debt, net
Carrying value542.3 542.0 
Fair value472.8 554.3 
(1)On October 27, 2021 we redeemed the outstanding 2025 Notes. See Note 6—Debt.
The fair values of the current and long-term fixed-rate debt is based on broker quotes as of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021.  The notes are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy as they are not actively traded in markets.
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NOTE 13 COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Purchase Commitments
Equipment, parts and supplies are ordered in advance to promote efficient construction and capital improvement progress. At June 30, 2022, we had purchase commitments for equipment, parts and supplies of approximately $106.6 million.
Guarantee Arrangements
We are contingently liable to sureties in respect of bonds issued by the sureties in connection with certain commitments entered into by us in the normal course of business.  We have agreed to indemnify the sureties for any payments made by them in respect of such bonds.
Contingencies
During the ordinary course of our business, contingencies arise resulting from an existing condition, situation or set of circumstances involving an uncertainty as to the realization of a possible gain or loss contingency.  We account for gain contingencies in accordance with the provisions of ASC 450, Contingencies, and, therefore, we do not record gain contingencies or recognize income until realized.  The property and equipment of our Venezuelan subsidiary was seized by the Venezuelan government on June 30, 2010.  Our wholly-owned subsidiaries, Helmerich & Payne International Drilling Co. ("HPIDC") and Helmerich & Payne de Venezuela, C.A., filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia on September 23, 2011 against the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Petroleos de Venezuela, S.A. and PDVSA Petroleo, S.A., seeking damages for the taking of their Venezuelan drilling business in violation of international law and for breach of contract.  While there exists the possibility of realizing a recovery, we are currently unable to determine the timing or amounts we may receive, if any, or the likelihood of recovery. 
In May 2018, an employee of our subsidiary, HPIDC, was involved in a car accident in his personal vehicle while not clocked in for work. The accident resulted in a fatality of a passenger in the other vehicle. The estate of the victim, his widow and children subsequently brought a lawsuit against the employee and HPIDC in Texas State District Court in January 2020. In February 2022, trial began in the matter and the jury reached a verdict against HPIDC and our employee for approximately $126.0 million, including interest. In March 2022, the court entered a judgment consistent with the findings of the jury. In April 2022, the Company and its insurers filed post-trial motions, none of which were granted by the trial judge. However, on June 23, 2022, Plaintiffs' counsel filed a Voluntary Remittitur with the trial court, which formally reduced the verdict to $60.0 million. The Company and its insurers are currently filing motions to appeal the judgement. Accordingly, the Company cannot make an estimate of the possible loss at this time. As of June 30, 2022, we have accrued a total of $3.0 million, and currently have incurred some expense, mainly legal fees, against the insurance deductible. At this time, we believe our insurance policies will be responsive to the amounts over our $3.0 million insurance deductible and that foreseeable exposures to the Company exceeding the deductible will be recovered through insurance. Accordingly, we do not believe this exposure will exceed our insurance coverage limits.
The Company and its subsidiaries are parties to various other pending legal actions arising in the ordinary course of our business. We maintain insurance against certain business risks subject to certain deductibles.  Although no assurance can be given, we believe, based on our experiences to date and taking into account established reserves and insurance, that the ultimate resolution of such items will not have a material adverse impact on our financial condition, cash flows, or results of operations. When we determine a loss is probable of occurring and is reasonably estimable, we accrue an undiscounted liability for such contingencies based on our best estimate using information available at that time.  If the estimated loss is a range of potential outcomes and there is no better estimate within the range, we accrue the amount at the low end of the range.  We disclose contingencies where an adverse outcome may be material, or in the judgment of management, we conclude the matter should otherwise be disclosed.
NOTE 14 BUSINESS SEGMENTS AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION
Description of the Business
We are a performance-driven drilling solutions and technologies company based in Tulsa, Oklahoma with operations in all major U.S. onshore oil and gas producing basins as well as South America and the Middle East. Our drilling operations consist mainly of contracting Company-owned drilling equipment primarily to large oil and gas exploration companies.  We believe we are the recognized industry leader in drilling as well as technological innovation. We focus on offering our customers an integrated solutions-based approach by combining proprietary rig technology, automation software, and digital expertise into our rig operations rather than a product-based offering, such as a rig or separate technology package. Our drilling services operations are organized into the following reportable operating business segments: North America Solutions, Offshore Gulf of Mexico and International Solutions. 
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Each reportable operating segment is a strategic business unit that is managed separately, and consolidated revenues and expenses reflect the elimination of all material intercompany transactions. Our real estate operations, our incubator program for new research and development projects, and our wholly-owned captive insurance companies are included in "Other." External revenues included in “Other” primarily consist of rental income.
Segment Performance
We evaluate segment performance based on income or loss from continuing operations (segment operating income (loss)) before income taxes which includes:
Revenues from external and internal customers
Direct operating costs
Depreciation and amortization
Allocated general and administrative costs
Asset impairment charges
Restructuring charges
but excludes gain on reimbursement of drilling equipment, other (gain) loss on sale of assets, corporate selling, general and administrative costs, corporate depreciation, and corporate restructuring charges.
General and administrative costs are allocated to the segments based primarily on specific identification and, to the extent that such identification is not practical, other methods may be used which we believe to be a reasonable reflection of the utilization of services provided.
Summarized financial information of our reportable segments for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 is shown in the following tables:
Three Months Ended June 30, 2022
(in thousands)North America SolutionsOffshore Gulf of MexicoInternational SolutionsOtherEliminationsTotal
External sales$486,004 $32,701 $29,118 $2,410 $— $550,233 
Intersegment— — — 14,725 (14,725)— 
Total sales486,004 32,701 29,118 17,135 (14,725)550,233 
Segment operating income (loss)57,353 5,872 (6,550)1,965 (2,140)56,500 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
(in thousands)North America SolutionsOffshore Gulf of MexicoInternational SolutionsOtherEliminationsTotal
External sales$281,132 $33,364 $15,278 $2,439 $— $332,213 
Intersegment— — — 9,379 (9,379)— 
Total sales281,132 33,364 15,278 11,818 (9,379)332,213 
Segment operating income (loss)(43,743)5,707 (3,538)(4,670)(3,298)(49,542)
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Nine Months Ended June 30, 2022
(in thousands)North America SolutionsOffshore Gulf of MexicoInternational SolutionsOtherEliminationsTotal
External sales$1,235,852 $91,162 $93,699 $6,899 $— $1,427,612 
Intersegment— — — 41,577 (41,577)— 
Total sales1,235,852 91,162 93,699 48,476 (41,577)1,427,612 
Segment operating income (loss)29,757 16,616 651 9,061 (5,453)50,632 
Nine Months Ended June 30, 2021
(in thousands)North America SolutionsOffshore Gulf of MexicoInternational SolutionsOtherEliminationsTotal
External sales$733,061 $94,911 $40,609 $6,180 $— $874,761 
Intersegment— — — 25,181 (25,181)— 
Total sales733,061 94,911 40,609 31,361 (25,181)874,761 
Segment operating income (loss)(226,505)11,427 (15,353)(1,631)(8,857)(240,919)
The following table reconciles segment operating income (loss) per the tables above to income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes as reported on the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations:
Three Months Ended June 30,Nine Months Ended June 30,
(in thousands)2022202120222021
Segment operating income (loss)$56,500 $(49,542)$50,632 $(240,919)
Gain on reimbursement of drilling equipment9,895 4,268 21,597 10,207 
Other gain (loss) on sale of assets3,075 (834)2,762 (12,952)
Corporate selling, general and administrative costs, corporate depreciation, and corporate restructuring charges(35,748)(31,259)(106,497)(87,849)
Operating income (loss) from continuing operations33,722 (77,367)(31,506)(331,513)
Other income (expense)
Interest and dividend income5,313 1,527 11,301 8,225 
Interest expense(4,372)(5,963)(14,876)(17,861)
Gain (loss) on investment securities(14,310)2,409 55,684 7,853 
Loss on extinguishment of debt— — (60,083)— 
Other(1,148)(970)(2,166)(3,027)
Total unallocated amounts(14,517)(2,997)(10,140)(4,810)
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes$19,205 $(80,364)$(41,646)$(336,323)
The following table reconciles segment total assets as reported on the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
(in thousands)June 30,
2022
September 30,
2021
Total assets 1
North America Solutions$3,407,213 $3,418,569 
Offshore Gulf of Mexico79,483 84,580 
International Solutions333,776